Above is the formal commissioning by the hon. Governor of Uttarakhand.

Butterfly Bags

See this initiative in Australia for recycling shopping bags in Butterfly Bags. 

Meanwhile in the USA - legislation


Newspaper article (click to see full size)

Flier (click to download)

Download this special package prepared by Di Wilson.

Made from shopping bags, Reece Cycle created by Judy Love, Perth

Launching Mission Butterfly - Step 2!

On September 18, Nainital celebrated Clean Up Nainital Day (CUND2008) in which more than 10 per cent of the community of Nainital undertook and took steps to a cleaning up of the town.  Read what was said. Also see this news article about the lake. Hindi version of Mission Butterfly launch booklet.

A sensational model for waste management that began in Nainital. Mission Butterfly is a model for India for the community taking charge of its waste and rewarded by a cleaner place and lower costs while making a contribution to the environment. Mission Butterfly is creating a Tipping Point. A Step 2

Click to see full image of newspaper reports 2008 marking the beginning of Mission Butterfly at CUND 2008, 18 Sept 2008. Click to download Mission Butterfly report.

Click to download Mission Butterfly outline document


MISSION BUTTERFLY – SOLID WASTE PROGRAM

Mission Butterfly is an integrated solid waste management program (ISWM) promoting the whole-of-life (cradle to grave) management of solid material wastes with strategies for recycling and minimisation.

Assuring its success, Mission Butterfly is owned and managed by the community notionally divided into clusters (Swacchtha Samiti) of about one thousand persons (say 250 families).[1]

FIGURE 1 AWARENESS CREATION (DURING NANDA DEVI FESTIVAL)

The key features of the scheme are the well connected Women’s Health Workers (ASHAs) who already operate in the community; the use of dedicated Jumbo Bins (green for bio-degradable, ie. composting and blue coloured for recycling and disposal); garbage collectors; the provision of services for support and training; and various systems for waste management.

FIGURE 2 ASHA HEALTH WORKERS SIGNING UP HOUSEHOLDS

FIGURE 3 TWO TYPES OF JUMBO BINS - FOR NON-BIODEGRADABLE WASTE (BLUE COLOUR ) AND FOR DEGRADABLE WASTE (GREEN COLOUR).

It requires the collection, segregation and management of waste; the use of composting and recycling facilities including privately maintained dry-storage facilities.

Income is generated from the collection fees, fees for consultants and service providers, the sale of resultant compost and the recyclables such as plastic, metals and glass.

To encourage wider participation and the evolution of community spirit membership signs (Green Home logo) are provided to signal household and institutional support.

FIGURE 4 COLLECTING SEGREGATED WASTE FROM HOUSEHOLDS

Logo1

FIGURE 5 GREEN HOME SIGN USED AT ENTRANCE OF PREMISES TO SIGNAL SUPPORT OF MISSION BUTTERFLY

The Mission Butterfly integrated solid waste management (ISWM) program is managed by the Lok Chetna Manch as the executing agency for a two year transition period before assumption by the Nainital Nagar Palika Parishad[2] (Municipal Board – the urban local body responsible for waste management).

Key features are therefore:

  • Community information and mobilisation;
  • Segregation of domestic waste;
  • Collection of waste.
  • Sale of product.

While premised on:

  • Being financially sustainable ;
  • Cost savings;
  • Community participation in planning;
  • Providing information and training services to those involved with waste generation, use and disposal including recycling.

INCOME PRODUCTION

Income is produced from

·         Fees collected from households, hotels and restaurants, institutions and other waste generators.

·         Sales of compost, shredded paper and recyclable waste (eg plastics, glass and metals).

·         Other sources such as database of available construction materials, consultancy and training.

BROADLY TWO GROUPS OF WASTE GENERATORS ARE INVOLVED.

  • Small generators of waste.
  • Bulk garbage generators

SMALL GENERATORS

Households are the predominant source of small volume waste which is segregated and collected at two types of cluster bins at designated sites.

·         Wet waste for composting; and

·         Dry waste for transport to a recycling plant[3].

FIGURE 6 SMALL SCALE WET WASTE COMPOST SITE

FIGURE 7 DRY WASTE HOLDING SITE

Three entities are involved; ASHAs, waste collectors and a management unit - Swacchtha Samiti.

Women Health Workers ASHA’s[4] are employed at the rate of one per cluster of one thousand of population and trained to:

·         Create awareness and abilities to enable the waste program for each household.

·         Promote the technique of segregation of waste activities by households.

·         Ensure the consolidation and collection of waste at the cluster level.

·         Collect the user fee from member households and keep accounts.

CLUSTER (SWACCHTHA SAMITI) PROFILE

Each cluster (Swacchtha Samiti) supports a Sanitation Committee which;

·         Comprises of five members from the cluster:  a President, three members and the ASHA worker (as Secretary). The Ward Member of the local Municipal Board is selected as Patron.

·         Primarily funded by monthly user fees from households [5].

FIGURE 8 REGULAR SANITATION COMMITTEE MEETINGS

Swacchkars (garbage collectors) are remunerated employees who collect the segregated waste (dry & wet) for depositing to the dedicated cluster bins[6].

FIGURE 9 SWACCHKARS (GARBAGE COLLECTORS) DEPOSITING SEGREGATED WASTE (DRY & WET) TO DEDICATED CLUSTER BINS.

BULK GENERATORS

The larger volume generators of waste include commercial institutions, offices, schools, and constructors.

a. Mixed waste producers - commercial institutions (shops, hotels restaurants) boarding schools and colleges

·         Selected personnel are trained by Mission Butterfly personnel in the segregation techniques for delivery to Mission Butterfly supplied bins. Fees are levied.

·         Anaerobic composting is practised where practicable for wet garbage. Encouragement provided for the creation at the owner’s expense of dry waste interim storage sheds from which the dry waste is collected and transported to the Mission Butterfly re-cycling plant.

b. Paper waste producers -offices, banks and schools

·         These can be encouraged to segregate and sell paper waste with sales to contribute to any required shredding machines required for confidential waste.

·         Mission Butterfly personnel to educate students on garbage related issues.

c. Construction Waste

Producers of construction waste which is suitable for land fill and other activities provide details to the Mission Butterfly database. This database represents a resource circulated for a fee to persons involved in construction activities who may also require such material. By private mutual agreement and arrangement, the producer and the collectors of such the waste, arrange for the legal disposal at the designated landfill sites or to the construction contractor.

d. Hotels, Restaurants & Schools

With the assistance of the Hotel and Restaurant Association, producers of kitchen waste are informed and assisted by Mission Butterfly personnel and workers to segregate waste for composting and other suitable disposal. On a fee for service basis, waste is collected by Mission Butterfly workers.

FIGURE 10 COLLECTING WASTE FROM RESTAURANTS

SEGREGATED WASTE- COLLECTION AND TREATMENT

  • Transport: Segregated waste is collected from the doorstep by Mission Butterfly workers and transported to the designated Cluster Bins, depending on access by wheel barrows, rickshaws, manually and mules[7].

FIGURE 11 COLLECTED WASTE BEING TRANSFERRED TO BULK WASTE STATION

  • Waste is collected by pickups or the Refuse Collector cum Compactor and transported from the Cluster Bins to the designated site (eg. composting , the re-cycling plant or land fill,).
  • Suitable traffic cones and barriers are used on road sides during collection for safety.
  • Regular applications of deodorant (EM)to community bins, twin bin rickshaws, pickups, dumpers and at the compositing sites helps contain bacteria and minimises odours.

COMPOSTING PITS

Composting pits operate on 45 to 60 day cycles for the anaerobic composting of wet wastes and the resultant compost is sold to generate revenues.[8]

FIGURE 12 A SMALLLER COMPOSTING PIT (ALL SAINTS SCHOOL, NAINITAL)

FIGURE 13 COMPOST SITE AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE (NAINITAL)

 

RECYCLING PLANT

At the Recycling Plant the Dry Waste is further segregated by trained workers into different grades of plastics, tins, metals, glass, paper, mill board, card board, tetra packs, etc. After segregation, they are washed, dried, and sent to different end users[9].

 

FIGURE 14 SEGREGATING PLASTICS

BENEFITS OF THE MISSION BUTTERFLY PROGRAM

  • waste minimisation
  • health benefits
  • production of compost material
  • income from compost, waste paper and recyclables such as plastic and glass.
  • reduced litter
  • reduced pressure on landfill sites
  • reduced impact on waterways and general environment.

NOTES

Population without access to toilets. Such people will be sensitised to using municipal toilets or more appropriate ways of defecating in the open. Fines for infringements to be encouraged after a transition period.

PET bottles. The extensive use of bottled water contained in PET bottles is not only wasteful of resources, they contribute to the generation of waste. As such it contributes to an economic cost borne by individuals and which disadvantages the health of the less well off in society. Improvement of the water supply would reduce the community burden.



[1] Nainital, with a population of 60 000 therefore has some 60 clusters.

[2] Nainital Nagar Palika Parishad is the Municipal Board – the urban local body responsible for waste management.

[3] There is an interim storage shed before use of the Re-Cycling Plant being built at Kathgodam.

[4] Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHAs): Women Health Workers are appointed by the Health Department under the National Rural Health Mission to deliver services for immunization, family planning and safe deliveries. Performance paid with one appointee per cluster of one per thousand of population (say 200-250 families). ASHAs have a good working relationship based on trust and were involved from the beginning of the project serving also to strengthen the existing grass root level of the ASHA programme.

[5] The bank account operated jointly by the President and the Secretary.

[6] Each cluster is provided with two closed-top Jumbo Bins with locking system.

[7]  In hilly terrains, mules with suitable contraptions are required as hand carts and rickshaws will not function.

[8] EM Solution is used to contain odours and the pits are covered with black tarpaulin and closed with a wire mesh after use to avoid littering by animals and to be more aesthetic.

[9] HDPE & LDPE will be made into HDPE pipes at the plant, while PET will be pulverised and be sold as powder to the end user as raw material.

 

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